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Detailed interpretation of the Buddhist Xia Anju system

2019-4-11 15:54| 发布者: 左二爷| 查看: 713| 评论: 0|来自: 成都耍耍论坛scshua114.com

摘要: The Buddha made a systematic statement. Most of them were in Xia Anju. Because during the rainy season of about 90 days in the summer, it was inconvenient to go outside to make a living, so they gathe ...
The Buddha made a systematic statement. Most of them were in Xia Anju. Because during the rainy season of about 90 days in the summer, it was inconvenient to go outside to make a living, so they gathered all the disciples together to talk about the practice of the gate and the universe. The truth of life. Later, the collection of Mahayana classics was mostly taught by the Buddha when he lived.
The establishment of the system of security of tenure began in ancient Brahmanism in India and was later adopted by Buddhism. This is due to the fact that in subtropical India, the climate is sultry and rainy. The summer rainy season lasts for three months. The insect ants breed rapidly and the vegetation grows luxuriantly. The monks stepped on the insect ants and vegetation when they avoid going out to care for them. The buds attract people and attract people. Therefore, it is stipulated that in the rainy season, avoid going out, live in one place, and feel at ease, known as 'summer settlement'. In the "Chang Ah Jing Jing" volume 2 "Tour", "Buddha Collection" volume 39, etc., records the deeds of the Buddha and his disciples living in peace. The book "Sangha's Collection", etc., lists the places where the Buddha sat in summer during the forty-five years.

There are two types of tenure, usually depending on the arrival of the rainy season. The first one is pre-settled and post-settled. The former settlement began on May 16 to August 15; After the settlement began on June 16 to September 15. The other is former security, middle security, and post-security. The former settlement began on April 16, Zhongju began on April 17 to May 15, and Houju began on May 16.
When living in a settlement, the area must be demarcated to form a boundary. The monks do not have to go out to provide for themselves. The daily needs are all supported by believers. If there is no major accident, you must not go out of the world. You should concentrate on one place and practice meditation. The location of the settlement is not certain, and huts, trees, caves, settlements, etc. are all available. According to the "five-point law", it is not possible to invade without a rescue place, a room, an empty tree, and a place of dew, such as a venomous snake and a tiger Leopard.
Although the Chinese system of security of tenure is inherited from India, it is not completely used, but there are some variations. According to the actual conditions of the climate and customs, gourde generally uses April 16 to July 15 of each year as the period of security. This period is the summer of China, so it is called summer security, also known as rain security, or Xia Xia, sitting summer, sitting wax, knot and so on.
The system of living in China began in the era of Yaoqin. At that time, due to the interpretation of the "Ten Commandments" and "Guanglu", the practice of security of tenure was explained in detail. The Chinese monks were married to summer. In the Tang and Song dynasties, the system of security gradually became one of the rules of the Zen Jungle Dojo. In addition, the jungle temple refers to the system of 'summer' and also conducts 'winter settlements' from October 16 to the 15th of the first month of the following year. In modern times, some Temple Dojo further implemented the system of 'winter and winter meditation' and 'summer and summer chanting'.
Jie Xia Anju is one of the monks 'practice systems. At the beginning of the settlement, a certain ceremony must be held to announce the beginning of the settlement. Since the Yuan Dynasty, the ceremony for the settlement was held on the day before the beginning of the settlement. The elders of the elders explained various rituals so that the monks could concentrate on the cultivation during the period of settlement. Most of the modern ceremony for settlement was scheduled to be held on April 15th. The first 'preparation method' was followed. The procedures were: First, sweeping and dressing; Second, the morning fast pre-white; Third, ring the bell set; Fourth, enter the church to take photos; Fifth, to be recruited; Sixth, the number of lines is white. After the completion of the preparation method, the next day will be the official start of the settlement(April 16), and a certain ceremony will also be held. Like the preparation method, it will be necessary to sweep the seat, ring the bell, collect the number of white lines, etc.. Then the public will enter the seat in sequence. First of all, from the two upper seats to the other houses, they answer each other and talk about the matter of security of tenure. The rest of the people then go to the two upper seats to talk about the matter of security of tenure; He said that he would return to the main hall and wait for all the monks to complete their practice, and they would jointly salute the Buddha and return to the temple.
During the period of residence, if you encounter the following conditions, you can move, otherwise you will be guilty. That is: First, fire burning; Second, Viper harassment; III. Flooding; Fourth, the land is not allowed; Fifth, thieves; VI. Harassment of the family; Seventh, there are women's difficulties.
The success of security is called Xiexia, Jiefang, or Guanzheng. According to the "Quarterly Law" volume 43(Jia Na Da Da), when the settlement is over, you should be self-righteous. That is, on the last night of the 90th day of the settlement, everyone is still gathered together to review whether each person has violated the precepts in his words and deeds during the three-month period. He can also point out each other's mistakes. If there is a sin, then you must repent in public. This day is called the day of profligacy or Buddha's joy.
During the Buddha's time, the disciples can be slightly divided into two categories. One is to follow the disciples, or because they can not be independent, they must often follow the Buddha. The second is that the Bodhisattva disciples have completed their own studies and are able to abbot one side and promote the Dharma. However, they still need to continue to pray for Buddhism. Therefore, they need to participate in Xia Anju and live with the Buddha for three months. They heard the Buddha's statement and learned from each other. Exchange practice experiences. During this period, it is forbidden to go out without reason to prevent centrifugation. Therefore, Xia Anju is a kind of self-study and self-study, and it is also a practice of self-cultivation and self-cultivation.
The ancient Chinese jungle temple has always paid attention to living in peace. Especially before Mazu created the jungle and Baizhang established the rules, most of the Zen monks lived in the court of law, and they sat meditation every day for 365 days. Therefore, it can be said that every day is a secure place. Even today, the life of the Buddhist Academy in general, reading Tibetan scriptures and meditation on Buddhism every day, is essentially a kind of living and practicing life

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